Ambubachi Mela, the festival of Goddess, where lakhs of people from all over the India come to attend the celebration during the monsoon. It is a Hindu festival, considered to worship a Hindu Goddess Sati or Adi Parashakti or Kamakhya Devi as commonly known.
Pilgrims, pandits, tantric, aghoris approach this place every year during the festival time with a belief. However, let’s figure out how really the society is taking it in a real life scenario, rather than the mythological controversies.
Hinduism, a religion of many believers and followers, stands on the ground of many stories and mythology. Amongst numerous stories and myths of Hinduism, there lies the story of Sati, where a tragic love story has been reflected, which also puts, in contrast, an impeccable love between a wife and a husband.
Hinduism falls to be the oldest and the vastly known mythological and religious beliefs which also lead to the establishment of many temples around the world of numerous Hindu Gods and Goddesses. People who believe in God find the story to be true and realistic and those who don’t; they consider it to be a myth.
The majority of the population believes in it, they pray and follow all the religious ethics and abide by these stories which lead to the foundation of Hinduism. India is the country with a huge majority of Hindu population, and also it is a land of a number of known Hindu temples which are established in the various parts of the country, and even few since millennium.
“One such great temple is Kamakhya temple.”
Kamakhya temple is one of those famous temples in the country which holds its base in the northeastern state, Assam.
The temple is believed to be among those temples based on the story of Goddess Sati. Goddess Sati, also known as Dakshayani is a Hindu Goddess of marital felicity and longevity. She is considered as the aspect of Adi Parashakti, a Goddess avatar as a human, who is a daughter of the King Daksha and Queen Prasuti.
The story of Sati.
Dakshayani is also known to be the first consort of Shiva, was a great believer and admirer of Lord Shiva, who is known to be the God of Gods, who bestowed all in this world and himself forsworn all. When Dakshayani reached her womanhood she got married to Lord Shiva, which was against the alliance of the King Daksha. He was against the marriage and considered Shiva to be wild, and not aristocrats like the Kings. So after the marriage, King Daksha cut off Dakshayani from his natal family.
King Daksha was depicted as an arrogant and cruel king, so to insult Lord Shiva, he organized a prayer ritual and invited all the Gods, and Goddesses, but did not invite Shiva and his daughter. Dakshayani learned about the Yagna (ritual prayer) and asked Shiva to go with her. When Shiva refused ongoing, she insisted upon attending the Yagna and so she went to her father’s kingdom. On seeing her, Daksha started to yell at her, telling her she is not welcomed.
Though Dakshayani tried to convince her father, he did not stop yelling, making Dakshayani angry and transforming herself into the Goddess Adi Parashakti. She turned to be the goddess of lightning and thunder threatened to destroy the earth. Adi Parashakti cursed Daksha to be killed by Lord Shiva, and then she jumped into the Yagna fire, and killed herself.
Angry and grief-stricken Shiva learned about the death of Dakshayani, which subjected to a terrific Tandav dance of destruction. The more Shiva danced, the more the destruction was leading through. It became unstoppable, and so all Gods asked Lord Vishnu for help. Lord Vishnu had to send his Sudarshan Chakra and cut her body into 52 parts, which fell on the earth to become holy spots to pray to the Goddesses named Shakti Peeths. Kamakhya temple is one of those Shakti Peeths, where the cut body part of the Goddess fall down.
The celebrations of Ambubachi Mela.
It’s been many years since people are worshiping the power of Kamakhya Devi. The story still exists and so does the belief. Every year it leads to a wonderful festival “Ambubachi Mela”, where the temple remain closed as because it is considered to be the yearly menstruation course of Goddess Kamakhya.
The interesting thing about the temple is that the worship isn’t made to an idol but a Yoni-like stone, which is considered to be the lower part of the Goddess Adi Parashakti or Sati.
The mere sequence of surprise is that the society who believes and takes a stand for such festivals and rituals considers the real menstruation cycle of a woman to be impure and doesn’t allow woman to have a normal living.
Though being a natural phase of feminine life, only because of the societal norms and beliefs, the feminine feels ashamed to be straight to talk about it or express their needs during the course.
This is a major issue in a wide prospect of this society; it is not specific to any religion or group, the problem lies between the society and its thinking which needs to be changed.
(This story has been written by Abhishek Biswas, and the cover image used is the representational image).